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Iquitos Travel and Tours Peru

Iquitos Tours, Travel and Adventures

Tourism in Peru

VISIT IQUITOS

“Delight yourself and give free rein to your senses in this land of lagoons and dreamy waterfalls."

Iquitos and Amazon River Travel Guide with details of the main tourist places and directory of Amazon Lodges

Iquitos Tour: Amazon River, Peru Amazon Jungle, Amazon lodges, Jungle lodges, Iquitos Hotel.Back to top

Machu Picchu Tours

Machu Picchu, Cusco - Peru

Machu Picchu (literally, "old peak") is a ruined ancient Incan town high on a mountain ridge in Peru. One of the most atmospheric and mystical sites in the world, it is located among spectacular mountain scenery about 6,750 feet above the Urubamba Valley. Machu Picchu has been designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site and it is the end point of the most popular hike in South America: the Inca Trail.

Machu Picchu, Cusco - Peru

Peru Tour Operator: Classical Inca Trail, Short Inca Trail, Salkantay trek, Machu Picchu tours Cuzco.Back to top

Machu Picchu History

It is generally thought that the city of Machu Picchu was built by the Sapa Inca Pachacuti starting in about 1440 and was inhabited until the Spanish conquest of Peru in 1532. Archeological evidence combined with recent work on early colonial documents indicates that Machu Picchu was not a conventional city, but rather a country retreat town for Incan nobility (similar to the Roman villas). It is estimated that a maximum of only about 750 people resided in Machu Picchu at any one time, and probably only a small fraction of that number lived in the town during the rainy season and when no nobility were visiting.

It is still unknown exactly what role the site played in Incan life. But it was clearly a remarkably well hidden place, and well protected. Located far up in the mountains of Peru, visitors had to travel up long valleys littered with Incan check points and watch towers.

Remarkably, the Spanish conquistadors missed the site, and the Inca city remained hidden until the 20th century. On a wet day in 1911, Yale scholar Hiram Bingham travelled up the slopes with a few companions from an expedition. He met some local peasants, who told him about ancient ruins that covered the area. He went to see them, and found the lost Inca city of Machu Picchu.

In 1913, the site received a significant amount of publicity after the National Geographic Society devoted their entire April 1913 issue to Machu Picchu. Bingham made several more trips and conducted excavations on the site through 1915. He wrote a number of books and articles about Machu Picchu; his account, Lost City of the Incas, became a bestseller.

In 2003, some 400,000 people visited Machu Picchu, and UNESCO has expressed concern about the damage this volume of tourism is causing to the site. Peruvian authorities insist that there is no problem, and that the remoteness of the site will impose natural limits on tourism. Periodically, proposals are made to install a cable car to the site, but such proposals have so far always been rejected.
What to See The site was probably chosen for its unique location and geological features. It is said that the silhouette of the mountain range behind Machu Picchu represents the face of the Inca looking upward towards the sky, with the largest peak, Waynapicchu, representing his nose.

The Inca believed that the solid rock of the Earth should not be cut, so they built this city from rock quarried from loose boulders found in the area. Some of the stone architecture uses no mortar, but rather relied on extremely precise cutting of blocks. Some of the spaces between the stones are so tight that not even a credit card will pass through them.

The ruins on Machu Picchu consist of a large palace and temples to Incan deities around a courtyard, with residential buildings for support staff. Entrance is at the southern end of the site, where there is a ticket office. From there, visitors are free to wander through the ruins at leisure, beginning with the agricultural precinct on the southern terraces.

There are no signs on any of the structures, which contributes to the atmosphere of antiquity, personal discovery, and harmony with the natural environment for which Machu Picchu is so beloved. To help identify the ruins, guidebooks and maps are available at the entrance. The names of the structures are the English names given by Bingham, which in many cases do not correspond with the actual uses of the buildings.

A 20-minute walk uphill to the left inside the entrance leads to the House of the Terrace Caretaker and Funeral Rock, which provides the famous and very photogenic view over the ruins of Machu Picchu.

Near the south end of the city is the magnificent Temple of the Sun, whose walls are fine examples of precise Inca masonry. The temple is astronomically aligned. On the winter solstice (June 22 in the southern hemisphere), sunlight streams in a small trapezoidal window and illuminates a flat granite stone that was probably an Inca calendar. At night, the same window provides a view of the constellation Pleiades, an Inca symbol of crop fertility.

The Principal Temple has perhaps the best masonry on Machu Picchu. The stones of its three walls are precisely cut and fitted together without mortar. A small building next to the temple, dubbed the Sacristy, may be where priests prepared themselves for ceremonies.

The Temple of Three Windows is a three-walled building reached via a stone staircase. Its east wall is cut from a single piece of rock and pierced with three trapezoidal windows.

Further on is Intihuatana, the "hitching post of the sun" whose exact purpose remains a mystery. This sacred stone column was a common feature in Inca cities, but the Spanish destroyed most of them as objects of idol worship. This is therefore one of few to survive, since the conquistadors never made it to Machu Picchu. Nearby is a sacred rock that echos the shape of the mountain range behind it.

At the north end of the site, the Temple of the Condor is built in the shape of a condor, the Inca symbol of heaven.

Spectacular views from the north side of Machu Picchu can be had from Wayna Picchu (also spelled Huayna Picchu), a mountain peak that overlooks the ruins. The climb takes 90 minutes and is dangerous after wet weather. Even in good conditions, it is not for the faint of heart when it comes to heights. The path is open 7am-1pm daily and only 400 visitors are allowed to climb each day.

Machu Picchu, PERU

Peru Tour Operator: Classical Inca Trail, Short Inca Trail, Salkantay trek, Machu Picchu tours Cuzco.Back to top

Getting There

Many buses leave Cuzco for Machu Picchu and there are frequent trains from Cuzco to Aquas Calientes, the town below Machu Picchu. Buses from Aquas Calientes bring tourists to the ruins. It is also possible to take a helicopter from Cuzco.

One of the many advantages of hiking the scenic Inca Trail is that you can enjoy Machu Picchu in relative solitude before the busloads of tourists show up around 10am.

Peru Tour Operator: Classical Inca Trail, Short Inca Trail, Salkantay trek, Machu Picchu tours Cuzco.Back to top

For many visitors to Peru and even South America, a visit to the Inca city of Machu Picchu is the long-anticipated highpoint of their trip. In a spectacular location, it’s the best-known archaeological site on the continent. This awe-inspiring ancient city was never revealed to the conquering Spaniards and was virtually forgotten until the early part of the 20th century. In the high season, from late May until early September, 2500 people arrive daily. Despite this great tourist influx, the site manages to retain an air of grandeur and mystery, and is a must for all visitors to Peru.

The site is most heavily visited between 10am and 2pm. June through August are the busiest months.    

Arequipa Travel and Tours Peru

Arequipa Tours, Travel and Adventures
Tourism in Peru


VISIT AREQUIPA

Arequipa known as the White City, is surrounded by some of the wildest terrain in Peru. This is a land of active snowy volcanoes, high-altitude deserts, thermal hot springs, salt lakes and, last but not least, the world’s deepest canyons.

Arequipa - PERU: Arequipa known as the White City, is surrounded by some of the wildest terrain in Peru

Arequipa tours: santa catalina tours - colca canyon trek - Santa Catalina monastery - Mummy Juanita - volcanoes.Back to top

Puerto Maldonado Travel and Tours Peru

Puerto Maldonado Tours, Travel and Adventures
Tourism in Peru


VISIT PUERTO MALDONADO MANU AND TAMBOPATA

Some of the most unspoilt yet accessible jungle locales in Peru, Puerto Maldonado gives the traveler the chance to see, feel and hear the Amazonian jungle like nowhere else in Peru. Nearby are the Manú National Park, and Tambopata National Reserve.

Munu Travel, Tours in Peru, attractions in Puerto Maldonado, Peru, Manu National Reserve, Tambopata National Reserve, Puerto Maldonado

Puerto Maldonado tours: Manu National Reserve - Tambopata National Reserve - Jungle trips - Bahuaja Sonene National Park.Back to top

Lake Titicaca

The Lake Titicaca PUNO

Lake Titicaca is a lake located on the border of Peru and Bolivia. It sits 3,811 m (12,500 ft) above sea level, making it the highest commercially navigable lake in the world. By volume of water, it is also the largest lake in South America (Lake Maracaibo has a larger surface area, but it is often disregarded as it is directly connected to the sea).

Lake Titicaca PUNO

Home to floating islands and singular cultures, the world's highest navigable lake is, literally, breathtaking.

The Lake Titicaca

Lake Titicaca is a beautiful and much-venerated sacred lake that lies on the border between Peru and Bolivia, near Copacabana. According to Incan mythology, it was from Lake Titicaca that the creator god Viracoca rose up to create the sun, moon, stars, and first human beings. Recently, a large temple was discovered submerged in the lake, adding to its mystery and fascination.

Peru Tour Operator: Classical Inca Trail, Short Inca Trail, Titicaca Lake, Machu Picchu tours Puno.Back to top

16 Travel Destinations In Peru

LIMA TOURS

Lima the City of the Kings , capital of Peru, founded on 1535, is a modern city which, while constantly expanding, has also managed to maintain the elegance of its Historic Center.

VISIT LIMA PERU

Lima, the capital of modern Peru, –known in colonial times as “The City of Kings”–is more than just a gateway to Peru’s fascinating Andes mountains and Amazon basin. Sitting on top of a cliff overlooking a bay on the Pacific Ocean, the buildings and skyscrapers of modern Lima mix with the colonial palaces and churches of its glorious past making for a colorful and exuberant urban environment.

Come to Peru and visit Lima!

AREQUIPA TOURS

Arequipa known as the White City, is surrounded by some of the wildest terrain in Peru. This is a land of active snowy volcanoes, high-altitude deserts, thermal hot springs, salt lakes and, last but not least, the world’s deepest canyons.

VISIT AREQUIPA PERU

The city of Arequipa is located in a fertile valley at the feet of Mt. Chachani and Mt. Misti volcanoes. Arequipa’s city center is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and offers beautiful colonial architecture, an attractive colonial style Plaza de Armas, wonderful churches and monasteries, shops, and exquisite restaurants offering the best of local cuisine –one of Peru’s finest.

Come to Peru and visit Arequipa!

ICA, NAZCA  & PARACAS TOURS

In this desert area of Peru we can find traces of the Paracas (700 - 200. BC) and Nazca (200. BC - 700 AD) cultures, Inca ruins and Spanish architecture as well as the desolate beauty of the desert running into the sea.

VISIT ICA PERU

Nazca is located in the central-southern Peru, capital of the province of Nazca, located on the right bank of Aja River, a tributary of the Rio Grande. It is located 450 km south of Lima in a narrow valley. It is a very active city, due to the daily influx of tourists visiting the ancient Nazca Lines, and mining development, agriculture and trade in the area.It is also known for producing Pisco at Hacienda Cahuachi.

Come to Peru and visit Ica!

HUARAZ TOURS

Huaraz is a popular base for expeditions into the Cordillera Blanca and the Huayhuash south of the Callejon del Huaylas. The peaks of the region have for many decades have been the testing grounds for mountain climbers.

VISIT HUARAZ PERU

Located 400 km north of Lima, Huaraz is accessible via a nicely paved highway and can be reached by public bus in a 7 hour journey. Although the city itself is not a major attraction, it offers a great starting point from which to explore the spectacular mountain ranges of the Cordillera Blanca in the Huascaran National Park –home to Peru’s highest peak, Mt. Huascaran at 6,768 m/ 22,205 ft above sea level, the largest Mountain Protected area and a UNESCO World heritage Site.

Come to Peru and visit Huaraz!

CUZCO TOURS

Cuzco is situated at 3,400 meters (11,000 feet) above sea level, surrounded by Andean mountains and green valleys. Visit Machu Picchu, by Inca Trail or by train, and enjoy the Sacred Valley.

VISIT CUZCO PERU

The ancient capital of the Inca Empire and one of 24 Departments it is the most popular destination by far, drawing hundreds of thousands of visitors each year. Steeped in history and archaeological sites, surrounded by marvelous Andean mountain landscapes and with easy access to the lowland Amazon basin, it is undoubtedly a monumental gateway to many great adventures, of which the Inca Trail to Machu Picchu is only the tip of the iceberg.

Come to Peru and visit Cuzco!

PUNO TOURS

The small port of Puno is departure point to make tours to Lake Titicaca’s various islands or to surrounding archaeological sites. The Puno town was founded on November 4, 1668, near the site of the colonial silver mine of Laykakota.

VISIT PUNO PERU

Is the gateway to some of southern Peru’s most awe-inspiring natural scenarios, traditional towns and fascinating local cultures. It’s most famous attraction is Lake Titicaca where one can visit the Uros on their floating reed islands, the traditional communities of the Islands of Taquileand Amantani, and the coastal community of Llachon from where you can launch unique sea kayaking adventures on the highest navigable lake in the world.

Come to Peru and visit Puno!

MACHU PICCHU TOURS

Some of the most unspoilt yet accessible jungle locales in Peru, Puerto Maldonado gives the traveler the chance to see, feel and hear the Amazonian jungle like nowhere else in Peru. Nearby are the Manú National Park, and Tambopata National Reserve.

VISIT MACHU PICCHU PERU

Machu Picchu is one of the top tourist destinations in all of South America. This stunning set of Incan ruins has been designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site and was also classified as one of the New Seven Wonders of the World in 2007.

Come to Peru and visit Machu Picchu!

Pto. MALDONADO TOURS

Some of the most unspoilt yet accessible jungle locales in Peru, Puerto Maldonado gives the traveler the chance to see, feel and hear the Amazonian jungle like nowhere else in Peru. Nearby are the Manú National Park, and Tambopata National Reserve.

VISIT Pto. MALDONADO PERU

Some of the most unspoilt yet accessible jungle locales in Peru, Puerto Maldonado gives the traveler the chance to see, feel and hear the Amazonian jungle like nowhere else in Peru. Nearby are the Manú National Park, and Tambopata National Reserve..

Come to Peru and visit Pto. Maldonado!

CAJAMARCA TOURS

Cajamarca is colonial metropolis cradled in a languid valley. The Plaza de Armas is bordered by majestic churches. Not many tourists pass through this way, but dozens of sights from the town’s pivotal past, including the famous Baños del Inca.

VISIT CAJAMARCA PERU

Cajamarca is colonial metropolis cradled in a languid valley. The Plaza de Armas is bordered by majestic churches. Not many tourists pass through this way, but dozens of sights from the town’s pivotal past, including the famous Baños del Inca.

Come to Peru and visit Cajamarca!

TRUJILLO TOURS

Trujillo city is proximity to important ruins of Chimu, which is the world's largest city built out of adobe Chan-chan, also known as "City of the Moon" or "of the Long Walls". Other nearby ruins are the Moche ruins of Huaca del Sol, Huaca de la Luna, and El Brujo.

VISIT TRUJILLO PERU

Trujillo city is proximity to important ruins of Chimu, which is the world's largest city built out of adobe Chan-chan, also known as "City of the Moon" or "of the Long Walls". Other nearby ruins are the Moche ruins of Huaca del Sol, Huaca de la Luna, and El Brujo.

Come to Peru and visit Trujillo!

PIURA TOURS

But the lovely narrow, cobbled streets and charismatic colonial houses of central Piura make up for the fact that there’s little else for tourists to do here. There are also great spots for surfers, like Mancora Beach and Cabo Blanco.

VISIT PIURA PERU

But the lovely narrow, cobbled streets and charismatic colonial houses of central Piura make up for the fact that there’s little else for tourists to do here. There are also great spots for surfers, like Mancora Beach and Cabo Blanco.

Come to Peru and visit Piura!

TUMBES TOURS

Tumbes is in a uniquely green part of coastal Peru, where dry deserts magically turn into mangroves and an expanse of ecological reserves stretches in all directions. It’s also the way for trips to the excellent and popular beaches of Máncora.

VISIT TUMBES PERU

Tumbes is in a uniquely green part of coastal Peru, where dry deserts magically turn into mangroves and an expanse of ecological reserves stretches in all directions. It’s also the way for trips to the excellent and popular beaches of Máncora..

Come to Peru and visit Tumbes!

IQUITOS TOURS

Iquitos is the world’s largest city that cannot be reached by road. It has a unique personality: friendly, noisy, sassy and slightly manic. Travelers come here for an excursion into the rainforest or a river trip along the Amazon.

VISIT IQUITOS PERU

Iquitos is the world’s largest city that cannot be reached by road. It has a unique personality: friendly, noisy, sassy and slightly manic. Travelers come here for an excursion into the rainforest or a river trip along the Amazon.

Come to Peru and visit Iquitos!

CHACHAPOYAS TOURS

This pleasant colonial settlement is now a busy market town and makes an excellent base for exploring the awesome ancient ruins left behind by the fierce civilization of the Chachapoyas (‘People of the Clouds’). "Kuelap" the ruined city in the mountains.

VISIT CHACHAPOYAS PERU

This pleasant colonial settlement is now a busy market town and makes an excellent base for exploring the awesome ancient ruins left behind by the fierce civilization of the Chachapoyas (‘People of the Clouds’). "Kuelap" the ruined city in the mountains.

Come to Peru and visit Chachapoyas!

TARAPOTO TOURS

Tarapoto, known as the "City of Palms", was founded in 1782 under the name of Santa Cruz Motilones de Tarapoto. Capital of the province of San Martín and is located in the high rainforest zone, on shore of Shilcayo river, amid dense vegetation.

VISIT TARAPOTO PERU

Tarapoto, known as the "City of Palms", was founded in 1782 under the name of Santa Cruz Motilones de Tarapoto. Capital of the province of San Martín and is located in the high rainforest zone, on shore of Shilcayo river, amid dense vegetation.

Come to Peru and visit Tarapoto!

AYACUCHO TOURS

Ayacucho is very well known for its artisans that have inherited from their ancestors all they know. This city counts with many churches and temples. During the Holy Week the city is crowded with many Christians from all the country.

VISIT AYACUCHO PERU

Ayacucho is very well known for its artisans that have inherited from their ancestors all they know. This city counts with many churches and temples. During the Holy Week the city is crowded with many Christians from all the country.

Come to Peru and visit Ayacucho!

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